Many crops are grown on a small scale. In the Netherlands we refer to plant protection products used for such crops as ‘minor uses’ if the production area of the crop falls within certain limits. However, a ‘minor use’ can also refer to the incidental use of a plant protection product on a crop growing on an unusual type of soil or to control an unusual pest or disease on a larger scale crop. Each EU Member State has different criteria for minor uses.
How do you know if you are dealing with a minor use?
For minor uses in the Netherlands, the Ctgb has developed a list with a reading guide. Till November 1, 2019 ,version 2.1 of the List of Minor Uses had to be used; from November 1, 2019till December 31, 2020 version 3.0 and from January 1, 2021 version 4.0 must be used. Regarding ‘incidental use’ on a large-scale crop, the Minor Uses Desk of the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA) can provide advice. For a summary of minor uses in other EU Member States, see National Minor Crops / Uses in the European Minor Uses Database (EUMUDA).
The definition of ‘minor’ is locally bounded. The regulation 1107/2009 defines ‘minor use’ as the use of a plant protection product in a particular Member State on plants or plant products which are
a) not widely grown in that Member State; or
b) widely grown, to meet an exceptional plant protection need.
Each Member State applies different criteria to define minor uses. In the Netherlands we refer to crops as ‘minor uses’ if:
- the production area of the crop falls within certain nationally defined limits or
- in case of a larger scale crop, if the use refers to the incidental use of a plant protection product on a crop growing on an unusual type of soil or to control an unusual pest or disease.
The legal basis
The application for extension with minor uses finds its legal basis in article 51 of the PPPR 1107/2009
Extension of a product authorisation with minor uses can be realised via different routes:
Additional data protection pursuant to Article 51, extension for minor uses
The additional data protection available for applications with Article 51 ‘Extension of authorisations for minor uses’ pursuant to Article 59(1) subparagraphs 5 and 6 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 is intended to encourage authorisation holders to apply for extensions for minor uses. Submission of an application for an extension for minor uses may therefore entitle the applicant to additional data protection for all substances, co-formulants and product data submitted in connection with a product authorisation.
Implementing this, Ctgb has produced a decision tree to explain how it handles the granting of additional data protection for minor uses applied with Article 51 of Regulation 1107/2009. Several examples are provided below the decision tree for illustration purposes.
Terms and conditions
Minor uses are meant for professional use only. Minor uses can only be authorized within the same function of the product as the regular application. It is therefore, for example, not possible to extend a product with an approved effect against fungi with minor uses with a requested effect against bacteria. The efficacy is not tested in case of an extension with minor uses under Article 51, but is likely because the efficacy of the regular application has already been tested.
For applications as seed treatment, minor uses can be applied for using the interzonal application procedure. Treated seeds are freely tradable within the EU. Therefore, a broad consultation (commenting round) is necessary. All member states have to be able to comment on the proposed seed treatment, applied for as a “minor use”.
Do you want to use the product solely in the Netherlands?
Use 'How to apply' to find out which option is usefull to you, or go directly to:
- Zonal application NL-zRMS
- Zonal application NL-cMS
- Mutual recognition
- National Extension (NLKUG)
Developments in legislative framework and processes for authorisation of minor uses are addressed at the Minor Uses Coördination Facility established by the European Commission.